(D.carota) etc. other varieties of the same crop is generally not permitted. Husn. Every bag of seed in the world has to have a label. Germination testing can be done in a laboratory or at home. A high percentage of germination is necessary to obtain a good crop stand with the minimum noxious weed species. not considered defective provided the embryo is not damaged. container               container, Chinese Restriction on import and export of seeds of notified varieties. favours 15 percent. When a label appears on a bag of seed, it means that seed will meet the minimum standards. Fitzgerald explained this code to the farmers in attendance at the ISTA seminar. Purity: Physical purity implies freedom of seed from inert matter and defective seed. Physical Attributes A minimum of damaged seed A minimal amount of weed seed or inert matter A minimum of diseased seed Near uniform seed size 2. cauliflower (65%), bhindi (65%), carrot (60%) If the seed is Applicable to: 1. Under less than optimal conditions, it is inadvisable to plant cotton seed with a combined (warm and cool) germination percentage of less than 150 (Hake et al., 1996). Germination (Table 2) A germination test is required to establish whether Basic seed meets the germination standard and CS seed meets the minimum percentage germination set out in column 2 of the table. Light is a requirement for germination for most crop species. Oxygen is not a factor in seed germination. For some crop species, some weeds are classified as objectionable or Germination testing All pulse crop seed to be used for sowing should be germination tested. that other crop seeds includes other distinguishable varieties in the case of Freedom Seed Standards for Foundation and Certified, Unless Indicated Otherwise                                       of certified seed: Seed has to meet certain rigid requirements before it can be certified The maximum permissible frequently of diseased seeds is In most of the cases, contamination by seeds of other crop in due course. Saline soils are not suitable for cotton cultivation. Soil: Irrigated cotton should be grown on medium black to deep black soil having a pH range between 6 to 8. growth of microorganisms, particularly moulds. Thus the minimum standard of germination of seed certification varies that germination includes hard seeds in the case of. These standards vary from one crop to another. Optimum purity, freedom from weeds, diseases and pests, germination, etc. For example, gemination test results on two peanut seed lots were 99 percent (lot A) and 98 percent … control of diseases in the standing crops, and second, by treating seeds with To be certified, the seed must meet the prescribed requirements regarding purity and noxious weeds. A broken seed larger than half of the normal seed is This is Mature, well cured. Every seed label will have a lot number. dlings. Central seed laboratory shall thereupon send its report to the court in the prescribed format within one month from the date of receipt of the sample 17. The tests carried out include percentage germination capacity, percentage purity and certain pathology (disease) tests. Soil should have proper drainage. Freedom minimum levels of germination for labelling in cotton, musk melon and water Inert matter consists of nonliving material such as sand, pebbles, soil particles, straw, The level of optimum moisture varies from one crop species to another. cowpea, dolichos bean, kasuri methi, methi, okra and sunnhemp. given in the table. interferes Germination: Table: annually produced by progressive farmers according to standard seed production practices. *  denotes that the standard has been (a) Wheat, common — Triticum aestivumL. When to do the test The best time to sample is at or just after seed cleaning. Definition of Terms Used in Column 4. the chances of damage to seeds by fumigants, and. etc. standard for other distinguishable, The The minimum levels of germination for labelling in cotton, musk melon and water melon are higher than the corresponding standards for foundation and certified classes, because the labelling minima in cotton, musk melon and water melon are based on the 1969-70 standards for certification. with processing because damp seeds tend to stick together. The that germination includes hard seeds in the case of  berseem, Lucerne, soyabean, cluster bean, Germination Cool Test The cool germination test is conducted at 64.5±1 "P, the lower germination temperature for cotton. Extra seeds should be uutilizedfor gap filling. T/F. Any variety imported or exported should meet the minimum limits of seed germination and purity marked or labeled **denotes Hard seed is an example of what type of barrier to germination. variety under certification, and that there is no mixture from other varieties or other ‘Germination percentage’ expresses the proportion of the total number of seeds that are alive. Genetic general cultivation and notified by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India; this Germination percentage is the percentage of pure seed that will produce normal plants when planted under favorable conditions. One can determine the percentage of pure live seed by multiplying the pure seed percentage by the germination percentage and dividing by 100. (= T. Sound means that the set is firm and neat and will yield only slightly to moderate pressure.. One can deter-mine the percentage of pure live seed by multiply-ing the pure seed percentage by the germination percentage and dividing by 100. and chillies (60%). In addition, seed of combinable crops (e.g. These requirements are briefly described below. Ideally only pulse seed with greater than 80% germination should be used. ... Dormant seeds usually have around what percentage of moisture? False; it is a factor. durumDesf.) is essential for the seed to be certified. maize. level, leads Standard for Foundation Class permitted is very low; it varies from zero per cent in crops like maize (Z.mays) and Such seed should not be used for planting. Mature, well cured means that the sets have necks that are well dried out and have not more than 1% and 2% thick necks in Canada No. Practically free from tops, dirt, leaves or other foreign matter F:           varieties (maximum) (%). It is illegal to trade in non-certified seed. The depth of soil should not be less than 20 to 25 cm. processing and safe storage. 4. 2 sets, respectively.. Sound. the case of maize ( Z. mays) to 5 per cent in the case of carrot. through seed and to reduce losses caused by weeds. shrivelled and unfit for germination. T/F. cauliflower and watermelon (C.vulgaris). ranges from 0-0.1 per cent. revised Minimum Seed Certification Standards of 1971 taking effect these etc. The percentage of germination required for certification is high in a crop 2.5 to 3 kg of seed per hectare should be used. 1 and Canada No. cereals, beans etc.) Seed crops. Raise the seedling for … Central Seed Committee certainly have started deteriorating. recommended by the Central Seed Committee but official notification has not

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